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Opportunities to learn offered by primary school mathematics textbooks in the Netherlands
Marc van Zanten博士(荷兰 乌得勒支大学 弗赖登塔尔研究所)
2021/04/06 周二下午 15:00-16:30  钉钉平台

主持人:李淑惠 博士
报告时间:2021/04/06 周二下午 15:00-16:30
报告地点/形式:线上钉钉平台,群号:34568313

报告人简介:
Marc van Zanten obtained his teaching degree in 1991 with a specialization in mathematics. That same year he started to work as a primary school teacher and enrolled in a master study in Educational Sciences at Utrecht University. In 1994, he graduated on the topic of decimal numbers in primary school mathematics education. He was appointed lecturer of mathematics education at the Edith Stein University of Applied Sciences in 1997. He combined this position with an appointment as a lecturer of special educational needs in mathematics at Fontys University of Applied Sciences. From 2007 until 2019 Marc was chairman of the Dutch annual conference on mathematics education of the Freudenthal Institute, Utrecht University. He was also chair of the committee which established the Dutch Knowledge Base on Mathematics for primary school teachers. In 2013, he was appointed as a curriculum developer of mathematics at the Netherlands Institute for Curriculum Development SLO. Marc is an author of several textbooks on mathematics education for prospective primary school teachers and regularly publishes articles in professional teaching journals. Alongside his daytime job, he carried out his PhD research at the Freudenthal Institute, under supervision of Prof. dr. Marja van den Heuvel-Panhuizen.

报告摘要:
In mathematics education, textbooks are a main resource and therefore have a major impact on the learning opportunities offered to students. The aim of this PhD study was to get a better understanding of Dutch primary school mathematics textbooks regarding their contribution to the opportunity to learn. To this end, Dutch textbooks based on different didactical approaches and published in different time periods were studied on three features: the included learning content, the articulated performance expectations, and the incorporated learning facilitators.

The research revealed that textbooks differ greatly in the learning opportunities they provide to students. These differences were found to be related to the textbook’s didactical approach. The textbooks appeared not only to vary in the learning facilitators they provide ? which could be expected when the didactical approach differs ? but also in the content and performance expectations. Furthermore, it was found that textbooks differ in their alignment with the formally intended curriculum in the Netherlands.

An important consequence of the difference in learning opportunities is that not all students are exposed to the same content and performance expectations. This is even the case when students are taught with the same textbook, because due to the organizational structure of textbooks, not all students are presented all parts of them.

Regarding the Dutch approach called Realistic Mathematics Education, textbook analysis revealed that this reform, when it started in the late 1960s, had already early precursors. Also, it was found that Realistic Mathematics Education over the course of the fifty years that it now exists, was and still is, clearly present in textbooks. Yet, analysis showed that certain learning facilitators, presented in most or all textbooks, deviate from the original intentions of this reform.